(King) Dara (Dardanus) Of Arcadia and Troy
- Born: Abt 1414 B.C., Goshen, Egypt
- Marriage: Batea Of Teucri
- Died: Turkey, Troy
Noted events in his life were:
• History. Greek historian, states that "Now the Egyptians say that also after these events [the plagues and the Exodus] a great number of colonies were SPREAD FROM EGYPT all over the inhabited world... But, they also say that those who set forth with DANAUS, likewise from Egypt, settled what is practically the oldest city of Greece, Argos, and that the nations of the COLCHI IN PONTUS and that of the Jews (remnant of Judah), which lies BETWEEN ARABIA AND SYRIA, were founded as colonies by certain emigrants from their country [Egypt]; and this is the reason why it is a long-established institution among these peoples to CIRCUMCISE their male children, the custom having been brought over FROM EGYPT. Even the ATHENIANS, they say, are colonists from SAIS IN EGYPT." (Quoted from Diodorus of Sicily. G. H. Oldfather, 1933. Vol I, bks I-II, 1-34, p.91). An examination of some of the historical clues reveals that there lived in Egypt -- during the time of the bondage of the Israelites -- a man named DARDA. According to E. Raymond Capt, "Darda, "the Egyptian," (son of Zarah) was "DARDANUS," the EGYPTIAN FOUNDER OF TROY." (Jacob's Pillar. Artisan Sales, Thousand Oaks, CA. 1977. P. 25). The early migration of Darda is noted in the book How Israel Came to Britain:
Actually, groups of Israelites began to migrate away from the main body BEFORE THE ISRAEL NATION WAS FORMED -- while, as a people, they were STILL IN BONDAGE IN EGYPT. One of these groups under the leadership of Calcol, a prince of the tribe of Judah, went westward across the Mediterranean eventually settling in Ulster [Ireland]. ANOTHER, under the leadership of DARDANUS, a brother of Calcol, CROSSED TO ASIA MINOR to found the Kingdom later known as TROY. -- Canadian British Israel Assn. Windsor, Ontario. P.2.
Darda married Princess Batea Of TEUCRI, daughter of King Teucer Of The TROJANS and Unknown. (Princess Batea Of TEUCRI was born in 1327 B.C. in Troy, Turkey.)
Dardanus the son of Zeus </articles/z/zeus.html> and Electra </articles/e/electra.html>. He sailed from (the direction of) Samothrace to Troas in a rafts made of hides. He eventually married Batea, the daughter of King Teucer </articles/t/teucer.html>, who gave him land near Abydos. There he founded the city of Dardania (the later, ill-fated city of Troy). Related information
Other names Dardanos Etymology "Burner up"
Hence the name Dardanelles for what was once called the Hellespont
"Zerah's son Ethan, very wise, and indeed this line of Judah- Zerah is the only royal line termed wise, on the other hand led his people north, from Egypt where he was born, into what is now Asia Minor, and his son Mahol continued likewise. Mahol's heir, Darda, reached the western shore, where on a commanding site; he founded the metropolis of Troy. The date is 1520 B.C. Here the city flourished for nearly four hundred years. Darda first saw the straits that separated Europe and Asia and gave them his name, Dardanelles. Darda also founded a fort here that is named after him. But the greatest honor is recorded in the Bible, Solomon was 'wiser than all men; than ... Darda the son of Mahol.' Thus great were the founder of Troy and the sire of the Trojan race whose children abide with us still. Troy fell because her sons had an eye for the refined and beautiful in women. Her descendants have that exquisite eye still and are naturally very proud of the accomplishment.
In Greek mythology </wiki/Greek_mythology>, Dardanus (Greek </wiki/Greek_language>:  <l >) was a son of Zeus </wiki/Zeus> and Electra </wiki/Electra_(Pleiad)>, daughter of Atlas </wiki/Atlas_(mythology)>, and founder of the city of Dardania </wiki/Dardania_(Asia_minor)> on Mount Ida </wiki/Mount_Ida> in the Troad </wiki/Troad>.
Dionysius of Halicarnassus (1.61-62) states that Dardanus' original home was in Arcadia </wiki/Arcadia>, where Dardanus and his elder brother Iasus (elsewhere more commonly called Iasion </wiki/Iasion>) reigned as kings following Atlas. Dardanus married Chryse </wiki/Chryse_(mythology)>, daughter of Pallas </wiki/Pallas_(son_of_Lycaon)>, <l > by whom he fathered two sons: Idaeus </w/index.php?title=Idaeus&action=edit&redlink=1> and Dymas </wiki/Dymas>. When a great flood </wiki/Deluge_(mythology)> occurred, the survivors, who were living on mountains that had now become islands, split into two groups: one group remained and took Deimas as king while the other sailed away, eventually settling in the island of Samothrace </wiki/Samothrace>. There Iasus (Iasion) was slain by Zeus </wiki/Zeus> for lying with Demeter </wiki/Demeter>. Dardanus and his people found the land poor and so most of them set sail for Asia.
A different account by Virgil </wiki/Virgil> in his Aeneid </wiki/Aeneid> (3.163f), has Aeneas in a dream learn from his ancestral Penates </wiki/Penates> that "Dardanus and Father Iasius" and the Penates themselves originally came from Hesperia, afterwards renamed as Italy </wiki/Italy>. This tradition holds that Dardanus was a Tyrrhenian </wiki/Tyrrhenians> prince, and that his mother Electra was married to Corythus, king of Tarquinia (Aeneid 7.195-242; 8. 596 ss. ; 9. 10; Servio, ad Vergilium, Aeneidos, 9.10).
Other accounts make no mention of Arcadia or Hesperia, though they sometimes mention a flood and speak of Dardanus sailing on a hide-raft (as part of the flood story?) from Samothrace </wiki/Samothrace> to the Troad </wiki/Troad> near Abydos </wiki/Abydos,_Hellespont>. All accounts agree that Dardanus came to the Troad from Samothrace and was there welcomed by King Teucer </wiki/King_Teucer> and that Dardanus married Batea </wiki/Batea_(mythology)> the daughter of Teucer. (Dionysius mentions that Dardanus' first wife Chryse had died.) Dardanus received land on Mount Ida </wiki/Mount_Ida> from his father-in-law. There Dardanus founded the city of Dardania </wiki/Dardania_(Asia_minor)> which became the capital of his kingdom. He later founded the city of Thymbra </wiki/Thymbra> in honor of his friend Thymbraeus, who is said to have been killed by Dardanus. Dardanus waged war successfully against his neighbors, especially distinguishing himself against the Paphlagonians and thereby extending the boundaries of his kingdom with considerable acquisitions.
The strait of the Dardanelles </wiki/Dardanelles> (yellow) takes its name from Dardania (Troas) </wiki/Dardania_(Troas)> and Dardanus
Dardanus' children by Batea were Ilus </wiki/Ilus>, Erichthonius </wiki/Erichthonius_of_Dardania>, Idaea </wiki/Idaea> and Zacynthus. Ilus died before his father which Idaea married Phineus </wiki/Phineus>, an early Thracian king. According to Dionysius of Halicarnassus (1.50.3), Zacynthus was the first settler on the island afterwards called Zacynthus </wiki/Zacynthus>. Dardanus' sons by Chryse, his first wife, were Idaeus and Dimas. Dionysius says (1.61.4) that Dimas and Idaeus founded colonies in Asia Minor. Idaeus gave his name to the Idaean mountains, that is Mount Ida </wiki/Mount_Ida>, where he built a temple to the Mother of the Gods (that is to Cybele </wiki/Cybele>) and instituted mysteries and ceremonies still observed in Phrygia </wiki/Phrygia> in Dionysius's time. There are operas </wiki/Opera> on the subject of Dardanus by Jean-Philippe Rameau </wiki/Dardanus_(opera)> (1739), Carl Stamitz </wiki/Carl_Stamitz> (1770) and Antonio Sacchini </wiki/Dardanus_(Sacchini)> (1784).
Dardanus reigned for sixty four or sixty five years and was succeeded by his son Erichthonius </wiki/Erichthonius_of_Dardania>.
1Ki 4:31 For he (Soloman) was wiser than all men; even wiser than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the (sons of Mahol; should be translated:) (men of Israel or rebels of the Israelites): and his (Soloman's) fame was in all nations round about.
A titular see in the province of Hellespont, suffragan of Cyzicus. Four or five bishops are known, from 431 or 451 to 879 (Lequien, Or. Christ., I, 775). Dardanus figures in "Notititi episcopatuum" as late as the twelfth or thirteenth century.
The town seems to have been situated some seven miles south-west of the Dardanelles, near Kefez Bournou. However, the town called Dardanelles (Gr. Dardanellia; Turk. Kaleh-i-Sultanieh, "imperial fortress"; and commonly Tchanak Kaleh, "the
fortress of pottery") is the modern representative of the ancient Dardanus. It is an important port on the straits which unite the Marmora with the Mediterranean (Straits of Dardanelles, the ancient Hellespont). The population is about 8000
(Turks, Greeks, Jews, a few Armenians, and Europeans). The little Catholic parish is conducted by a secular priest and the school is under Georgian Sisters, Servants of Mary. There is also an American Protestant mission. Dardanelles is the
chief town of a sanjak, which depends directly on the Sublime Porte, and is strongly fortified. Every ship entering or quitting the straits must stop at Dardanelles and show the imperial firman, or permit, to enter or leave. Trade is rather
active. Industry is represented by curious earthenware. Not far from the town is the hill of Hissaalik, the scene of some of Schliemann's important excavations. The entire region is covered with interesting ruins.
CUINET, La Turquie d'Asie (Paris, 1894), III, 689 sqq.
Transcribed by Anthony J. Stokes
In the Iliad (20.209ff.) Aeneas traces his lineage to Zeus through Dardanus, the legendary founder of Troy. Aside from this, little survives of the legend of Dardanus. From fragments of Hesiod's Ehoiai (fr. 177 West) we learn that Dardanus is
the offspring of the union of Zeus and Electra, and from later mythographers we learn that his origins are in Samothrace, from where he migrates to the Troad in the period of the Great Flood. Upon arriving at the Troad he marries into the
family of Teucrus and founds the city Dardanie in the hills of mount Ida. It is from Dardanus and Teucrus, then, that the race of Trojans arises.
In the Aeneid (3.162-171, 7.195-207) Vergil innovates on the story of Dardanus' migration to Troy by making his starting place Corythus in Etruria instead of Samothrace. The advantage of the innovation for Vergil is that it places the ancient
origins of Rome squarely in Italy and removes from the legend of Rome's origins a fundamental association with the 'barbarians' of the East that the legend of Dardanus of Samothrace would have conferred. Furthermore, with Dardanus reinvented as
an Etrurian, Aeneas' arrival to Italy can then be represented as a return to his ancestral homeland.
• History. Based upon both history and regional disambiguated mythology, it looks as if, prior to the Exodus, nearly half the tribe of Judah escaped Eqypt. Zerah and Perez were the twin sons of Judah. Zerah and his descendants escaped and Perez and his descendants stayed in Goshen.
All of Zerah's sons made boats from animal hides and they all left Goshen at the same time, launching out into the Mediterranean Sea. Chalcol (or Calcol) went west, exiting the Mediterranean and ended up in the area near Ulster Ireland, Ethan and Mahol went east but ended up in Asia Minor. Dara (or Dardanus) went north but the currents took him to shore in the north east corner of the Aegean Sea where he discovered the opening and body of water that separates Europe and Asia which is known as the Dardanelles.
So why did they leave?
Exo 2:11 And it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown, that he went out unto his brethren, and looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren.
Exo 2:12 And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no man, he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand.
Exo 2:13 And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said to him that did the wrong, Wherefore smitest thou thy fellow?
Exo 2:14 And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known.
Exo 2:15 Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well.
Two events happened in or about the year 1471 BC (25 years prior to the Exodus). After Moses kills the Egyptian that he saw beating (to death) a Israelite cousin:
1. Moses immediately flees east to Midian. and
2. The entire sub-tribe of the man beaten, immediately builds boats and flees north into the Mediterranean Sea.
Jewish historians say that the Egyptian overseer had molested or raped the Israelite's wife both descendants of Zerah. When confronted, the Egyptian tried to beat the Zerahite to death. If Moses had not intervened, his cousin would have likely been killed. Moses and this sub-tribe, the descendants of Zarah fled the impending Egyptian retribution.
• King of Troy: Ruled. 1477-1412 BC (65yrs)
Dara married Batea Of Teucri, daughter of King Teucer Of Teucri and Idea. (Batea Of Teucri was born about 1400 B.C. in Turkey, Troy.)